ISSN: 1598-3579
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IJIE, vol. 34, no. 2, pp.17-22, 2017


Production techniques to improve the quality of steamed and freeze-dried mature silkwrom larval powder

Sang-Deok Ji, J Son, S Kim, N Kim, K Kim, H Kweon, G Seong, Y Koh

Affiliation: Young-Ho Koh, Ilsong Inst Life Sci, Hallym Univ

Abstract: Cooked mature silkworms have received increasing attention as a new source of income for sericultural farms. Quality improvement of these worms as the end-product requires prevention of the following: inclusion of unfertilized silkworm eggs, mixing with impurities, producing undercooked or overcooked mature larvae, and mixing spewed silk substance. Preventing unfertilized eggs and impurities and reducing undercooked or overcooked mature larvae can be achieved by sericultural farms. However, the prevention of spewed silk substance requires the development of new techniques. This study developed new techniques for optimum cold storage temperature, soaking, and hydro-thermal treatment to minimize the spewing of mature larvae prior to steaming: when larvae mature after 7 days on the 5th instar, they should be soaked in water at room temperature of 25℃ immediately upon collection and stored at 8℃ for less than 3 days. They should be soaked in boiling water for approximately 10 s immediately before steaming to kill the larvae and cooked with steam. This method allows for the production of high-quality mature larvae without spewed silk substance. These new techniques will considerably improve the production of well-cooked quality mature larvae by minimizing silk substance spewed out from the larvae.

Keyword: Silkworm, Steamed and freeze-dried mature silkworm larval powder, Silk powder, Silk Fibroin, Silk Sericin


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